Maintenance & Safety Tips

Safety:

Skin Exposure

Proper care should be taken while handling used oil. Avoid skin contact with used engine oil. Wear suitable gloves. If it contacts with skin, wash immediately with soap and water. Prolonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause serious ailments. Always ensure the bottle is stored upright and the cap is tight.

Disposing of used oil

Do not pollute drains, soil or water with used engine oil. Disposing of used oil should be done in accordance with the state waste management authority requirements. Improperly disposed motor oil can contaminate drinking water and poison wildlife.

It is often illegal to dump used motor oil into garbage cans, down kitchen sinks, drains, and into sewers and rivers or even pour it on the ground. A single gallon of used oil can contaminate a million gallons of fresh water. Most motor oil recycling facilities and local refill centres accept used oil from consumers. However, if you find difficulty locating one in your area, ask your local motor oil retailer about places they recommend.

Storage and Handling of Lubes

Outdoor Storage

The drums should be placed on wooden planks and the layers should be limited to two or three. The drums should be kept in a horizontal position with the bungs at 3 O'clock and 9 O'clock position. Wooden ramps should be used for removing barrels from the layers. The drums should not be stored near steam / gas lines. Precautions should be taken against fire hazards.

Indoor Storage

Oil should be withdrawn from the drums by semi rotary hand pump. The drums should have two bung holes – large and small. Small is used for lighter grades and big for the heavier. Metal trays should be placed below the containers during withdrawal, to avoid wastage by spillage. Separate containers/oil cans and grease guns should be used for different grade of oil or grease. Galvanized containers should never be used for transporting oil. Grease should be withdrawn by metal paddles from the drums. Dispensing equipment should bear a label that matches the container, from which it was filled. Grease should not be stored for a long time as it may result in oil separation. A colour code scheme can be introduced to ensure a foolproof system.

Handling of Lubricating Oils and Greases

The warehouses should be located away from the possible sources of industrial contamination such as coke, dust, ore dust, cement dust, textile mill fly and similar forms of grit or soot. The sealed drums should be placed separately, marked by fences. Sufficient space should be there between the rows of drums for easy movement. The grease drums should be kept in an upright position to avoid spillage.

Vehicle Maintenance Tips

Car Maintenance Tips

  • Checking the oil level at least once in two weeks is a must especially before a long trip. To do this, open the bonnet and pull out the dipstick. The calibrated dipstick will indicate the level of oil. Certain cars have an indicator on their dashboard, which glows when the engine is low on oil and there is some problem with the lubrication. Check the level and fill it if needed. Do not drive on low engine oil.
  • To maintain peak performance, the oil should be changed every 10000 km or as per the manufacturer's recommendation in the car owner's manual
  • It's vital to regularly check the tension of the fan belt and its condition from outside. It is important to keep in mind that it operates crucial engine accessories like the water pump, alternator, etc.
  • To maintain peak performance, change oil filter every 10,000 km or as referred to in the car owner's manual. Replace oil filter with every oil change
  • Tyres: Check the tyre condition and air pressure regularly and ensure tyre pressures are maintained at manufacturer's recommended levels. Check the tyres for cuts and scrapes. Also check the tyre treads once a week and have the wheels balanced and the alignment checked if the wear is uneven.

Bike Maintenance Tips

  • Tyres: Check the tyre condition and air pressure regularly and ensure tyre pressures are maintained at manufacturer's recommended levels. Check the tyres for cuts and scrapes. Also check the tyre treads once a week and have the wheels balanced and the alignment checked if the wear is uneven.
  • Engine Oil: Check the engine oil level regularly and check for oil leakage. The carbon deposits present thickens the oil creating drag in the movement of the engine internals. Running the bike on this sort of oil increase fuel consumption and also reduce the life of the engine.
  • Air Filter: Due to the dusty conditions in our country, the air filter gets clogged up in no time. It's important to keep it clean. Ensure the changing of the air filter at recommended intervals and increase the cleaning frequency, particularly during the dusty climes.
  • Clutch: Proper adjustment and having the right amount of free play is required for proper functioning of the clutch. An over tightened clutch will cause it to slip unnoticeably and at the same time increase the fuel consumption while also burning it out quickly.
  • Engine:
    • Regular servicing and tune-ups will keep the engine running trouble free and reduce fuel expenses.
    • Keep the carburettor clean and maintain valve clearance. Every 1500 km, clean out the carburettor float chamber and other parts.
    • Clean the spark plug preferably after every 750 km for two-stroke bike and every 1,500 km for four-stroke bike. Most modern bikes require the choke to be used on cold starts as they run lean to meet emission norms as well as fuel efficiency requirements.
  • Transmission System: A bike's chain needs regular lubrication, cleaning and adjustment. Wash the chain with paraffin, a soft brush and a piece of cloth and remove the dirt accumulated in the chain. Don't use water as it might rust the chain links. After the dirt is cleaned with the brush and paraffin, wipe the chain with a clean dry cloth. Lubricate the chain links and the chain with used engine oil. Check if the bike's chain has a free play of 2-4 mm in general by moving the chain up and down in a vertical direction with fingers. The bike's chain must have the correct tension and free play of the rear wheel. If the tension is more, the chain won't power the rear wheel smoothly during motion. If in case the chain is loose, the power delivery from the engine to the rear wheel won't be optimal and there will be loss of power due to slippage. Take the bike to the mechanic or service centre and get it adjusted to the manufacturer's specifications.
  • Never over rev the RPM going at high-speeds continuously, as it may damage the bike's engine.
  • Never shift from the fifth gear to first instantaneously, because it damages the piston rings.
  • Cleaning: Clean the two-wheeler's body surface regularly to maintain the surface finish. Before cleaning the motorcycle, ensure that the ignition switch unit, H.T. coil and the silencer are covered with plastic sheets. The bike should be parked near a shade because the look gets dull if exposed to frequent sunlight.
  • Battery: The motorcycle battery needs periodical maintenance to ensure a long and trouble free life. Top up with distilled water whenever required and check for any leakage from the battery. It should be clean and free from any leakages. In case of non-use of motorcycle, battery should be kept fully charged.
  • Brakes: Keep both the brakes properly spaced. Keeping them too tight (too urgent), or too loose (too late) is dangerous. Brakes should be tightened as per the rider's personal style and requirement. Get your bike's brake pads replaced (front) if screeching sound persists. It also happens due to lack of oil.
  • Change your bike's fork oil once in every 12000 km
  • Check sprockets and replace them if necessary (wear out limit 40,000 km)
  • Try and maintain a speed in between 40 to 60 kmph.

General Maintenance Tips

Choosing the right engine oil lubricant for vehicle is an essential part of vehicle maintenance. It increases the life of engine and boosts its performance. It is a good investment that gives you an opportunity to save on the engine repair and gas mileage. Following tips will help you to make most out of such investment:

1. Use a high-quality oil filter

The oil filter keeps the engine oil lubricant pure and prevents small dirt and metal particles from circulating freely. These particles can damage car engine from inside. It is therefore recommended to use a good oil filter and change it while changing the lubricant. A good oil filter can increase the oil changing intervals.

2. Avoid additives

Generally, using good engine oil is good enough for the maintenance of your vehicle because it already has all the necessary additives in it and does exactly what it claims in the oil description. They contain additives to protect the engine from wear, corrosion and damage. Use of additives can even decrease the performance of the engine oil, therefore unless sure about the additive, it is not advisable to add it. An expert's advice must be sought for this.

3. Proper storage of engine oil lubricant

It is important to keep the engine oil away from dirt, fluids and other contaminants. While changing the brand of car engine oil, make sure to change the container for its storage too, because some oils are incompatible. Also, keep it sealed tightly to prevent dirt and water from mixing with the oil and decreasing its quality and performance. Try to keep it in the same temperature range.